National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) Findings

Background

For more information about NCANDS, including the data collection process and data collected, see https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/data-research/ncands. Additional information can be found in the Child Maltreatment report for the federal fiscal year that corresponds to these data (or a prior year’s report if the report is not yet published). Child Maltreatment reports are available on the Children’s Bureau website at https://www.acf.hhs.gov/cb/data-research/child-maltreatment. The report also includes table notes for each table of data included in this file, commentaries submitted by states, and a glossary which defines many of the variable names and values in this file. This information should be consulted to help understand and interpret the data.

The following lists the links to the data.
  • Child Fatalities, Trend: Counts of child fatalities (unique count) for the last five federal fiscal years.

  • Child Fatalities by Submission Type: Counts and rates of child fatalities (unique count) by file submission type (i.e., Child File or Agency File) for the most recent federal fiscal year for which data are available.

  • Child Victims, Trend: Counts and rates of child victims (unique count) for the last five federal fiscal years.

  • Child Victims by Age: Counts and rates of child victims (unique count) by single year age for the most recent federal fiscal year for which data are available. 

  • Children by Disposition: Counts of victims (duplicate count) and nonvictims (duplicate count) by disposition (finding on the allegation of maltreatment) for the most recent federal fiscal year for which data are available.

  • Children Who Received an Investigation or Alternative Response, Trend: Counts and rates of children (unique count) who received a CPS response in the form of an investigation response or alternative response for the last five federal fiscal years.

  • Maltreatment Types of Victims: Counts and percentages of victims (unique count) by the single type of maltreatment they suffered (medical neglect, neglect, physical abuse, etc.). If a victim suffered more than one type of maltreatment, the victim is counted in the multiple maltreatment category.

  • Perpetrators,Trend: Counts of perpetrators (unique count) for the last five federal fiscal years.

  • Perpetrators by Relationship to Their Victims: Counts of perpetrators (unique counts) by relationship (e.g., mother, father, legal guardian, etc.) to their victims for the most recent federal fiscal year for which data are available.

  • Screened-In and Screened-Out Referrals: Counts, rates, and percentages of the number of screened-in, screened-out, and total referrals alleging abuse and neglect the most recent federal fiscal year for which data are available.


Sources

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Children's Bureau. (2019). National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System [Data file]. Retrieved May 2020.